Who Ruled The Swahili City States?

How long did the Swahili empire last?

At their height from the 12th to 15th century CE, these city-states traded with African tribes as far afield as Zimbabwe as well as the period’s great trading nations across the Indian Ocean in Arabia, Persia, India, and China..

Which African country speak Swahili?

It’s a national language in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, and an official language of the East African Community which comprises Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi and South Sudan. Its use is spreading to southern, western and northern Africa.

What was the first language in Africa?

It is the native language of the Bantu group known as the Swahili people. It is spoken in over ten African countries and has more than a 100 million native speakers. Almost 20% of the vocabulary of Swahili consists of loanwords that have been taken from various tongues including Arabic, Hindustani, and Persian.

Is Zulu and Swahili the same?

If your destination is Zimbabwe or South Africa, take into account that Zulu is the most widely spoken and understood language. If you’re traveling to East Africa, familiarize yourself with Swahili, a language that’s a blend of Arabic and Bantu.

What were the Swahili city states?

it includes Sofala (Mozambique), Mombasa, Gede, Pate Island, Lamu, Malindi, and Kilwa. In addition, several coastal islands are included in the Swahili coast such as Zanzibar and Comoros.

How long did the Swahili city states last?

From roughly 1000-1500 CE, the extensive maritime trade that connected China to the Red Sea was dominated by the Swahili city-states, trading cities along Africa’s east coast. These trading cities operated as their own governments and traded in practically every product that could be found between Africa and Asia.

How did Islam arrive in East Africa?

In this way, Islam spread across and around the Sahara Desert. In addition, the religion arrived in East Africa when Arab traders crossed the Red Sea and, in a second wave, settled along the Swahili Coast.

What is the Swahili civilization?

The Swahili Civilization is a culture of people in east Africa. … The Swahili civilization, starting in the 10th Century, became a land of cultural assimilation, which included the mixture of the cultures of Arabs and Persians, as well as Africans. There were some cities that flourished under Swahili civilization.

What does Swahili mean?

1 : a member of a Bantu-speaking people of Zanzibar and the adjacent coast. 2 : a Bantu language that is a trade and governmental language over much of East Africa and in the Congo region.

When did the Swahili city states start and end?

From 1000 to 1500 CE, Swahili city-states were wealthy urban areas connected both to the African interior and the larger Indian Ocean World.

What is Swahili religion?

Today, most Swahili people are Sunni Muslims. It is the largest group within the religion of Islam. The Busy Medieval Times. The Swahili Coast peaked during the medieval period.

Is Swahili hard to learn?

How hard is it to learn? Swahili is said to be the easiest African language for an English speaker to learn. It’s one of the few sub-Saharan African languages that have no lexical tone, just like in English. It’s also much easier to read as you read out Swahili words just the way they are written.

How did Islam affect Swahili?

Trade has played an important role in the spread of Islam since the beginnings of the religion. Arab traders first introduced Islam to the Swahili coast in the ninth century. … Islam shaped this region from the development of a new language called Kiswahili to increased literacy for its people.

How do you say hi in Swahili?

There are basically five ways to say hello in Swahili:Hujambo or jambo (how are you?) – Sijambo (seeJAmbo) (I am fine / no worries)Habari? (any news?) – nzuri (nZOOree) (fine)U hali gani? (oo HAlee GAnee) (how are you) – njema (fine)Shikamoo (a young person to an elder) – marahaba.For casual interactions: mambo?

Why were the Swahili city states so wealthy and powerful?

What eventually happened to the Swahili trading cities? Some of the city states were: Kilwa, Malindi, Pate, Gedi, Comoros, and Zanzibar. … Became rich and powerful from their stance in trade. Exports included gold, ebony, ivory, and sandalwood.

Why did the Portuguese conquered East Africa?

They wanted to obtain control of the main trading towns, e.g. Kilwa, Mombasa etc. They wanted to defeat the Moslem traders and rulers who had monopolized the Indian Ocean trade. Desire to get revenue for the development of their country.

Who founded Swahili city states?

Ali ibn al-Hassan ShiraziIt was founded in the 10th century by Ali ibn al-Hassan Shirazi, a Persian prince of Shiraz.

When did the Swahili city states form?

The earliest Swahili towns emerged in the 8th century and, with increasing trade and wealth, developed into prosperous and complex city-states in the 15th century before they were displaced by the Portuguese in the 16th and 17th centuries, Omani in the 18th and 19th centuries, and Europeans in the 20th century.

What country did Swahili come from?

AfricaThe language dates from the contacts of Arabian traders with the inhabitants of the east coast of Africa over many centuries. Under Arab influence, Swahili originated as a lingua franca used by several closely related Bantu-speaking tribal groups.

Do Muslims speak Swahili?

The Swahili people follow the Sunni denomination of Islam. Large numbers of Swahili undertake the Hajj and Umrah from Tanzania, Kenya, and Mozambique. Traditional Islamic dress such as the jilbab and thob are also popular among the Swahili.

What did the Khoi have that the Portuguese wanted?

The Khoikhoi people at the Cape traded sheep, cattle, ivory, ostrich feathers and shells for beads, metal objects, tobacco and alcohol. Unlike the Portuguese, the Dutch did not trade guns as they did not want the Khoikhoi to use the guns against them.